Top Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan
Whether you’re a regular classroom teacher or teach in a specific content area, lesson plans matter. The quality of your lesson plans will in great part determine how efficiently class time is used and how much content your students learn each period.
Follow these steps to create a lesson plan that inspires both your class and you!
- Identify the needs of your students – is this the first time they will experience this subject, are you reinforcing knowledge, or are you checking understanding at the end of a project. This should be clearly communicated to your students orally at the very beginning of the lesson or even written on the board so that pupils stay focussed throughout the lesson
- Plan your materials – what will you need to deliver this lesson, the basics; pen, paper, rulers, or the more complex; interactive whiteboard, laptop, science materials, P.E equipment.
- Engage the pupils – this is the key part of the lesson, you want them interested and excited about what they are going to learn. Set the stage, and sell the idea to them. This is the real focus of your lesson plan, tap into their prior knowledge, and give examples of where they have used or seen this before.
- Instruct – Present the concept that is included in your objective. Don’t forget to model, model, model….use your resources, whether it is a whiteboard, a book, or a piece of science equipment. Involve the pupils in this stage, once you have modelled, ask them to work through the process with you, they will gain confidence in the process.
- Practice – After you have presented and modelled, allow time to practice this process or skill, either independently or in cooperative groups. Going back to re-model if pupils are having difficulty.
- Wrap up – Close the lesson with a quick round up, perhaps ask them to share their work, or give an example to a partner or group. Encourage discussion on how this subject can be applied in the real world.
- Evaluation – a quick round up of knowledge learnt in the lesson, in order to give you opportunities to identify those with difficulty or areas to re-cover in subsequent lessons. A short 2 minute quiz, a short writing exercise in their rough books, or a discussion around the room or with a partner.